USA, Louisiana, Atchafalaya National Heritage Area. Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. In the … The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. A horticultural treasure, Black Tupelo is always a feature in any garden. Prefers a cool root run and space for the branches to reach up into the open sky. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. Power Line Approved: No. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9. ‘Wildfire’ – Bronze-red to reddish purple new shoots. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Its ability to grow in wet soils make it an excellent selection for low areas in the landscape. In the spring, they might produce lovely flowers, and in the autumn, some brilliantly colored leaves. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. Fall color is a brilliant red. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Black Tupelo leaves in autumn Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. Shape: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has oval, rounded shape. Newly planted trees always take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become established. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Black gum is best grown in areas with acidic, medium to wet, well-drained soils and full sun to part shade. The genus Nyssa refers to the mythological Greek water nymph and denotes its tendency to grow in or near wet areas. For trademarked plants, the cultivar name will be either a few letters & numbers or a nonsensical name in single quotes that is completely unimportant for the consumer or landscaper. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). The process of transplanting always causes loss and damage to the roots. Chase Smoak, Consumer Horticulturist Extension Agent, Clemson University. Persimmon : Green Ash . It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Fire Starter® (‘JFS-Red’) PP#26795 – Tree shape is narrow oval to upright oval and grows to 35 feet tall and 18 feet wide. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Tupelo trees (Nyssa aquatica) in morning mist at Miller's Lake. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Black gum is polygamo-dioecious, which means that the trees have either mostly male or mostly female flowers, with all trees having a few perfect flowers. ‘Autumn Cascades’ – A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color. It's called transplant shock. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) – A fast growing cultivar with a central leader and conical shape. ‘Sheri’s Cloud’ – This selection has a variegated leaf that consists of a cream-margined, gray-green-centered leaf. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Backlit Spanish moss on tupelo tree. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Black gum can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas. 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. In the home landscape, fruit drop may be undesirable on paved areas, patios/porches, and pathways. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. It grows 30 to 50 feet tall and has glossy green leaves and colorful fall foliage. No need to register, buy now! It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica . In the spring the first leaves of this tree emerge a brilliant fire-wagon red, which are beautiful on their own, but can providing a stunning backdrop for other specimen trees like dogwoods or redbuds. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Habitat & Range. Because of this, multiple trees may be needed for fruit set. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. The leaves, however, are deep glossy green and show good fall color. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. Attractive blue to black fruit. Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." Plant breeders do this so that if someone propagates the plant without permission, they will have to call it by the cultivar name, which no one will recognize. Tree ID: 97. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvatica Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. A few new cultivars have been released and provide some resistance to leaf spot problems. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Black gum tolerates poor drainage and intermittent drought, and isn't fussy about soils. Winged Sumac The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Min. Stunning autumn colour spans the autumnal spectrum from deep-orange through to vibrant scarlet. 30 to 40 feet high and wide. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Very attractive in spring and with new growth. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. When planted in groups, the vibrant red fall colors with hues of purple, orange, and yellow create a stunning image for spectators. Afterburner Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odom' Description: A straight central leader and uniform branching along with its pest resistance make this tree a reliable performer. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide.Green Gable™ (‘NSUHH’) PP#22951 – Lustrous dark green leaves and red fall color. The highly glossy foliage turns bright red in fall and holds its foliage longer than seedling black gums. Spectacular scarlet fall color. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. 40 to 50 ft. tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. Often three fruits are on a stalk. They need to be trimmed and pruned when their branches hang low, and someone has to clean up after they have shed their flowers, leaves, and other baubles. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. The bark is often said to resemble alligator skin. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Insect and Disease Management for Home-Grown Fruits and Nuts, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Though it prefers moist, well-drained soils, black gum will grow on drier sites, giving it some drought tolerance. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. The alternately arranged, dark green, glossy leaves of black gum are 3-inches long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Foliage is a shiny green color and is less susceptible to leaf spot. Throughout its native range, black gum is typically found along streams, swamp margins, and on upland sights. The dark blue fruit of N. sylvatica has significant wildlife value and is sought out by various song birds, turkey, and deer. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is one of the most dependable native trees for great fall color.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Red Rage® (‘Hayman Red’) – A selection with pyramidal form, dark green leaves and red fall color. The tree does have some drought tolerance and will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while not showy, serve as an important source of nectar for pollinators. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. Soil: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained soils. Like every pretty thing though, trees require maintenance. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. Tupelo Foliage and almost mature fruit Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Cornales Family: Nyssaceae Genus: Nyssa Species: N. sylvatica Binomial name Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Natural range Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United Sta… Add to that the beauty of its glossy summer foliage that turns bright red in fall. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name (followed by ® or ™). Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo, notice brances growing out at 90 degrees then sloping down (Photo by: Ahodges7 / Wikimedia Commons) Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Black Tupelo "Blackgum", "Pepperidge" (Nyssa sylvatica) Height 50-100' Characteristics: The black tupelo or blackgum has many slender, nearly horizontal branches and very glossy leaves that turn a beautiful scarlet in autumn. 30 to 40 feet tall and wide. 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. 'Red Red Wine' (also listed as 'Red Wine') - New to this country and not commonly available, this cultivar is reportedly notable for the red coloring of the new growth, which becomes more subdued with age. The leaves are oval, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs. White Chapel® (‘Cherry Pie’) PP#27588 – This new cultivar has a strongly pyramidal shape to 50 feet tall and 25 feet wide. street tree planting width: 6 feet. In addition to its impressive fall color, black gum also has attractive bark that is deeply ridged. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Dark green leaves give way to yellow-orange-red fall color. The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. The leaves are elliptical ovals and green during the growing season. The fruit is round, dark blue, and clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2" long. Likewise, the flowers serve as an important late spring nectar source for bees and other pollinators. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. itsgardeningtime.com We have a very tall tree that we admire every Autumn! Black gum has attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Environmental Conditions Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. For these plants, the trademark name is the recognized name for consumers to use in searching for and buying the plants. The alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark green, glossy leaves and attractive fall color are perhaps the most distinctive features. Dense/ tight habit when young. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Fall color lingers longer than most other cultivars. Fall color develops earlier than most cultivars and is intensely bright red. It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. Afterburner black tupelo trees are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color. Black gum can be used as a street tree in median plantings, but it tends not to do well in areas with high pollution. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Best established while young to … Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. Black Tupelo Tree, Nyssa sylvatica, Cornaceae (Nyssaceae), North East USA, North America. High resistance to leaf spot. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1036 | Published: Oct 22, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). Tupelo Tower™ (‘WFH1’) PP#22976 – Tree form is columnar reaching 30 to 40 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide. Afterburner® (‘David Odom’) – This cultivar has an upright pyramidal to oval shape and grows to 35 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. ‘Zydeco Twist’ – A selection with strongly twisting and contorted stems. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. They are included here simply because they are the official assigned cultivar names. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Leaves are 3-6 inches in length and elliptical in shape. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Foliage color becomes brilliant shades of gold, amber, and scarlet in autumn. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. The roots have to grow into the new area. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. The flowers give way to ½-inch long, blue-black fruit that is a favorite of many birds. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. 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